Why Bloom Care Makes All The Difference
There’s nothing like a bouquet of flowers to perk up your mood and spruce up your home! Plus, it’s also one of the most special and heartwarming gifts we can receive on special occasions.
Sadly, we all know that flowers don’t last forever. But with a little initiative and a great deal of TLC, you can keep your precious blossoms fresh and blooming for longer!
We’ve provided a simple guideline to help you preserve your beloved flowers’ vibrance for a long time. Enjoy your beautiful bouquet to the fullest by following these easy steps!
If you’re interested in a formal course or want to get certified as an expert on all things about flowers, we recommend looking into professional bodies and colleges in gardening and floristry such as the American Institute of Floral Designers of the AIFD (www.aifd.org), the American Floral Endowment (www.endowment.org), and other similar organizations offering programs specializing in floristry.
Clean your vase
Containers accumulate a lot of dust and dirt that can make your water cloudy and infect your flowers. Even if your vase is newly-bought, make sure to wash it for safety.
Cleaning your vase is very effortless and inexpensive – you’ll have everything you need right at home! Just wash with warm water, a cap of bleach, and let it dry.
Another DIY cleaning alternative is a salt and vinegar paste. Simply mix a tablespoon of salt with a tablespoon of vinegar, apply the mixture to your vase with a clean cloth or brush, and let it set for half an hour. Afterwards, wipe it off until all residue is removed, rinse out with warm water, and leave to dry.
Add flower food
Yup, you read it right: cut flowers need food, too! It enables them to bloom in full health and helps ward off infections that can reduce their lifespan.
Flower food has three elements: 1) citric acid, which balances the pH level of water for optimum health; 2) sugar, which boosts their energy; and 3) bleach, which curbs fungi and bacterial growth.
Your local nursery or online stores may have flower food packets readily available. But if you want to make your own at home, the recipe is easy to follow! All you need is 1 quart of water, 1 tablespoon of sugar, 1/2 teaspoon of bleach, and 2 tablespoons of lemon juice.
There are also loads of substitutes to this recipe! Clear soda, apple cider vinegar, and even vodka have been proven effective at nourishing flowers.
Leaves and foliage that are left on the stems and soaked in water will rot right away, introducing bacteria to your flowers which can bring about disease and infection.
So it’s a great idea to prune your flowers before setting them in your vase and ensure that there are no leaves below the waterline.
One of the primary tips for keeping flowers fresh is to cut their stems! This technique creates a wider opening at the bottom of the stem, allowing your blooms to absorb more water and delay wilting.
Just cut an inch from the stems at a 45-degree angle. It’s crucial to be careful, though! Bad cutting techniques can easily lead to crushed stems which keep your flowers from absorbing water
To prevent this, avoid using dull scissors or blades. Use a sharp knife or sharp shears instead for a guaranteed smooth and clean cut.
Place in water.
All flowers need water to thrive, but different blooms have different needs! Before you place them in water, research their specific water requirements.
Flowers with woody and semi-woody stems like roses, mimosas, lilies, chrysanthemums, and carnations tend to drink a lot. Place them in warm water filled up to about 2/3 of your vase.
Soft-stemmed blooms like anemones, freesias, and ranunculuses prefer shallow water. You can set them in warm water filled to only 1/2 of your vase.
Blooms with bulbous stems like daffodils, hyacinths, and tulips enjoy a bit of a chill, so set them in cool water up to 1/3 of your vase.
Set in a cool area
Most flowers appreciate cooler spots away from direct sunlight. You can still place them by the windows to create a peaceful look for your home; just see to it that they’re kept away from light and that they don’t touch the glass.
If you enjoy having flowers as a centerpiece for your dining table or kitchen, see to it you place them where there are no fruits nearby. This may sound strange, but ripening fruits actually emit small amounts of ethylene gas that cause flowers to brown and age earlier than normal.
It’s also best to keep them away from anything that releases or produces heat, such as cooling units, fire places, heating vents, radiators, or televisions – these can result in dehydration and early wilting.
Extra Care Tips
Change water and food
Water can collect dust and debris from your surroundings, while leaves and stems can break off your flowers and drop into your water. These elements promote an optimal environment for bacterial growth. So it’s important to change your water every 2-3 days.
For best results, you can wipe the vase before you change the water. Also, be sure to stir in fresh flower food to replenish your flowers’ nutrients!
When you cut flowers, you create a “wound” at the bottom of the stem. So flowers “mend” themselves by sealing the wound which shuts it off to water supply and drastically reduces their water intake.
This is why re-cutting stems is important! It opens up your flowers’ stems so they can take in more water; plus, it helps clear away blockages and inhibit infections as well.
Simply cut about half an inch off the stem every three days and you’ll be sure to prolong your flowers’ lives!
Important Care Advice For Your Favorite Flowers
Remove – Roses have “guard petals” which guard the inner buds that have not yet bloomed. Florists keep them to guarantee the safety of your roses while they’re being delivered, but it’s safe to get rid of them once they arrive. This also lets your roses to spend their energy on keeping newer, prettier petals fresh.
Revive – Wilting blooms can be revitalized by trimming off an inch from the bottom of the stem, then setting the roses in a tub of water. Keep them submerged for 30-60 minutes.
Peonies (7-9 days).
Keep cool – Peonies enjoy cool surroundings, so some people wrap and keep them in the refrigerator to keep them fresh. But putting them in a shady area in your home should be good enough to keep them blooming.
Keep apart – Avoid overcrowding your vase when you have peonies in a mixed bouquet. They’re quite sensitive and frail, so give them ample space for their big blossoms to thrive.
No sniffing – Smelling these temptingly perfumed flowers can actually cause early wilting! Sounds strange, but gardenias enjoy their privacy and actually turn brown when sniffed.
Pluck – Take note of your lilies’ anthers; they’re very likely to be covered in pollen that can stain fabric on your clothes and furniture. Simply pull the pollen off or clear away the anthers with your hands.
Protect – Lilies are especially fragile flowers. Their petals tend to bruise a lot, so be sure to handle them lightly when you’re recutting stems or removing anthers.
Spray – You can keep your hydrangeas blooming fully and vibrantly with a few sprays of water to their petals every day.
Sustain – Again, these flowers just love their water! Make sure they always get a tall drink and replace their water more frequently.
Take note of temperature – Tulips tend to be more sensitive to changes in temperature. They enjoy cooler environments, so if you see their blossoms start to open on a warm day, just set them in front of an air-conditioner.
Turn, turn, turn – These fast-growing blooms bend over and get knotted up a lot, so be sure to rotate their vase every day.